The airstrike on August 9, 2018, was
conducted by the Saudi-led coalition that intervened on behalf of the internationally-recognized Yemeni government against the Houthi insurgency. The Saudi coalition said the strike was targeting rebels who launched a deadly missile attack into southern Saudi Arabia the previous day.
Saudi officials said the airstrike was directed against military targets near the Dahyan Market in Sa’ada, a known Houthi stronghold near the Saudi border. A bus full of civilians was hit during the strike. The International Committee of the Red Cross said one of its hospitals received the bodies of 29 children killed in the attack, plus 30 more injured children. The Saudis
accused the Houthis of deliberately using the civilians as human shields for its military assets, while the Houthis accused the Saudis of perpetrating a war crime.
The Saudi coalition
investigated the Dahyan Market strike, plus two other controversial military actions, in February 2020 and began court-martial proceedings against the aircrews involved.
The Houthi court in Sa’ada on Thursday
issued death sentences for the Dahyan Market attack against Trump, former Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, retired Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Norton Schwartz, Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, Royal Saudi Air Force commander Prince Turki bin Bandar bin Abdulaziz al-Saud, and President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, the internationally-recognized head of the Yemeni state.
Hadi’s vice president Ali Mohsen Saleh al-Ahmar, former Yemeni Prime Minister Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr, and Yemeni Defense Minister Mohammed Ali al-Maqdashi were also
sentenced to death by the court.
Hadi has been living in Saudi Arabia since the Houthi insurgency captured the capital city of Sanaa; the Houthi court referred to him as a “fugitive criminal.”
In addition to the death sentences, the defendants were sentenced to pay ten billion dollars in fines to relatives of the people killed in the 2018 attack. The American officials were linked to the case by way of U.S. arms sales to Saudi Arabia.
Notwithstanding the Houthi court decision, last week saw a little guarded optimism that an end to the long and bloody Yemeni civil war could be in sight, as the warring parties agreed to
exchange over a thousand prisoners. The United Nations described the prisoner exchange as a “rare” achievement that could lead to negotiations for a ceasefire.
“The aim behind this agreement is purely humanitarian. It will also establish a solid base for dialogue and for reaching a comprehensive political solution,” Saudi military spokesman Col. Turki al-Maliki said when the exchange was announced.