An Overview of Data Sgp

data sgp

Data Sgp is a statistical package used to compute student growth percentiles and projections/trajectories from large scale longitudinal education assessment data such as standardized tests, portfolios or grading scales. It is an open source package which is useful in many evaluations such as tracking student performance over time; assessing educator effectiveness; or evaluating education policies.

The SGP package supports wide-format datasets, which are easier to manage than traditional narrow-format data sets. When working with such data sets however, some important considerations need to be kept in mind when using the package; the SGP vignette page offers further instructions.

SGP also facilitates analysis of student growth over time, making it especially helpful for teacher and leader key effectiveness systems such as TKES/LKES. Such systems require educators to understand their own growth and development as compared with that of other teachers within their district and state.

To perform these analyses, the SGP package employs a student growth model which enables users to estimate Student Growth Percentiles (SGPs) for every individual in their sample and compare these SGPs against population averages to help teachers and administrators identify which individuals are making progress and those who need additional support.

Making the choice between WIDE or LONG format data formats is often a complex one with major consequences on what types of analyses can be performed. For most applications, it is advised that higher level SGP wrapper functions like studentGrowthPercentiles and studentGrowthProjections be utilized with LONG data format as they offer many preparation and storage advantages over WIDE data formats. This recommendation holds especially true if conducting such analyses year after year – the LONG data format offers numerous preparation and storage advantages over its WIDE counterpart.

SGP provides a wealth of information, but finding specific pieces may be tricky. To help make finding what you are searching for easier, this article has been written to give an overview of SGP package and features as well as links to resources which may be beneficial to new users. We hope you find this resource helpful, and welcome any inquiries or questions from readers regarding using it to analyze student growth and development data – we look forward to hearing from you! – Data Togel Singapore.

Risks and Benefits of Gambling

Gambling involves wagering on events with unpredictable outcomes based on both skill and chance, typically through casinos, lottery games, sports betting and online gaming. People may gamble for various reasons ranging from socializing to winning money and relieving stress. Therefore it is essential that gamblers understand both its risks and benefits when gambling.

Socialization, mental development and skill improvement can be some of the major advantages to gambling. Gambling may be enjoyable and exciting, but beware that gambling addiction may have serious repercussions for all involved; such as family, friends and work colleagues of the gambler. Gambling problem can even lead to debt and homelessness.

Legalized gambling’s positive economic repercussions stem from both its employment benefits and tax revenues it generates, providing local governments with funds they need for services and infrastructure improvements while simultaneously decreasing unemployment rates and raising average wages in surrounding communities.

Gambling offers another benefit for improving community health and well-being, by helping raise funds for charities or civic projects; encouraging healthy habits like regular exercise and eating well-balanced meals; or helping individuals learn more about their surroundings.

Gambling offers another distinct advantage – it can help improve one’s intelligence and focus. When people play casino games or bet on sports events, their brain is stimulated and required to pay close attention to detail; this activity can improve concentration as well as hand-eye coordination.

Gambling offers four advantages in terms of socialization. It can help bring people together, develop friendships and strengthen existing ones; but gambling shouldn’t be seen as necessary to socializing effectively with others; there are plenty of other avenues available.

Gambling’s negative consequences can extend from harming both physical and mental health, relationships with family and friends, work performance or study output and the health of their communities. Pathological gambling (PG), which affects men and women equally, usually begins during adolescence or early adulthood and often deteriorates their self-esteem, finances and lead to debt or homelessness. Furthermore, it has negative repercussions for children and young people. Pathological gambling also can have detrimental effects on families. PG usually presents itself in one single incident, though its frequency increases with age and is greater if an immediate relative suffers from this condition. Addressing Problem Gambling can be done in several ways, from seeking treatment and education to taking medication or counseling sessions to reduce urges or gambling amounts. Counseling sessions may also help manage symptoms related to gambling as well as avoid future issues related to it.

Singapore Prize For Books Exploring Singapore’s History

Singapore has officially witnessed a new book award that seeks to encourage writing beyond big figures in our history. Sponsored by DBS Bank and open to fiction and non-fiction works alike, its judges look for works which resonate with readers – this rich book award started through donation from Confucian scholar Alan Chan will recognize books which highlight mindsets and values important in shaping Singapore such as equality, diversity, religious harmony, meritocracy resilience along with education innovation and community building.

The inaugural prize, to be presented triennially and valued at $50k, represents an important step toward making Singaporean history more accessible to the general public, according to NUS. Established to commemorate 50 years since Singapore achieved independence, it will join other national awards for academic research, cultural heritage preservation and sports performance in making history more easily understood.

Prof Miksic expressed his gratification at being selected as the inaugural winner, hoping it would encourage others to learn about Singapore’s past more deeply. With his cash prize enabling excavations at various sites throughout Singapore and workshops for budding archaeologists; as well as giving credibility and respectability to his field of work.

This year, the Prize has joined Earthshot Week – a global festival that brings together innovators, entrepreneurs, community leaders and scientists committed to revitalizing our planet – in Singapore for Earthshot Week 2018. At this festival of changemakers from business leaders and investors to scientists and researchers from around the globe as well as young people working towards making our world better, participants will compete to win GBP 1 million (equivalent to SGD 1.7 million). Winners will receive this prize and have an opportunity to showcase their solutions on an expansive scale during Earthshot Week 2018.

Alongside its main prizes, this award will recognize five finalists with GBP 100,000 each – approximately equivalent to SGD 250,000 – as a reward for their exceptional work and business strategy. They will also benefit from mentorship and business support provided by award partners as well as access to international events and networking opportunities.

An expert panel comprised of scholars and literary experts from diverse fields selected the shortlist. Authors behind four novels and two memoirs will now go before the public for voting and will be announced at an awards ceremony held later this year.

Other notable wins included “Gaga”, directed by Laha Mebow who has won multiple Golden Horse awards; Bayu Prihantoro Filemon’s Vania on Lima Street won best Southeast Asian short film; Bopha Oul in Polen Ly’s “Further and Further Away” earned best performance award; see full list of winners here.

How to Play Poker Online

Online poker is a game of chance that involves betting real money against other players in games like Texas hold’em. The sport is regulated in most states and now widely accessible on multiple platforms including mobile devices. The best poker sites provide a safe and secure environment to deposit and withdraw funds while also offering an intuitive user interface; furthermore it is crucial that you understand their banking options so you can be certain of receiving any winnings as quickly as possible.

Software designed for a poker website must be attractive and intuitive on both desktop computers and mobile devices, providing large buttons with clear graphics that don’t take away from the action. In addition, table software should offer various betting options as well as allow users to set their maximum bet amount.

Bluffing online poker can be challenging without facial expressions or tells to help guide your decisions, so instead you must look for other indicators, like how long a decision took the player to make. Vary your bluff size to keep opponents guessing; otherwise they’ll easily recognize your pattern and call more often on you!

Understanding the mathematics behind poker is an integral skill to possess for any serious player. Understanding these odds will allow you to form better hands more often while preventing big losses.

Reducing emotional volatility when playing online poker is of equal importance. Allowing frustration or the fear of loss to overwhelm your play may result in unwise decisions that compromise your odds of victory. By managing your emotions and accepting that variance is inevitable, you’ll be better able to focus on making mathematically sound plays and put them into effect with precision.

At online poker tournaments and tournaments, taking advantage of training tools available is essential to improving your game. From YouTube videos featuring top pros to interactive training tools that guide beginners through the fundamentals, these can all help make for an improved poker experience.

Before signing up with an online poker site, it’s crucial that you research its terms and conditions. Otherwise, your personal data or money could be at stake with an untrustworthy site that lacks clear rules for deposits and withdrawals. A reputable site should keep funds separate from operator and casino partners to prevent fraud, making withdrawal prompt and available through various methods – credit cards, e-wallets or wire transfer are just a few methods – with most also offering paper checks which can be picked up at nearby casinos.

Live RTP Slot – How to Maximize Your Chances of Winning

RTP slots are one of the world’s most beloved gambling games. Fun, engaging and offering rewarding opportunities for players alike, RTP slots have quickly become one of the world’s favorite forms of entertainment. However, some key considerations must be kept in mind when engaging in these games: firstly understanding what RTP stands for and its effect on winning chances; also keeping in mind which types of slot machines work well for beginners versus experienced gamblers.

Payback percentage of slot machines is an integral component of casino slot gaming online, helping players choose which machines to play and wager upon, as well as avoid wasting your money on machines that won’t return your bets. Information such as this may be found within a game’s rules or help page, while certain casinos post their RTP rates publicly so players can compare and find their ideal ones more quickly.

Although many may assume that slot games with higher RTP have better chances of winning, this may not always be true; since RTP calculations are calculated using averages calculated over multiple spins. Furthermore, payouts multiplied by house edge (the casino’s profit margin).

If you want the ideal return-to-player slot machine, look for one with high hit frequencies and low volatility – meaning less chance of an extended losing streak after several rounds. In addition, these games often make winning easier.

At any casino, it’s wise to select one with an extensive selection of slot games and is licensed and regulated by government authorities globally. This will ensure a safe playing environment while protecting winnings. Furthermore, online reviews can help identify credible and trustworthy casinos.

To increase your odds of success when playing online casinos, choose only reliable ones and familiarize yourself with each game’s rules and bet only what is within your bankroll – only bet what can afford to lose and look for games with low house edges that increase chances of victory.

Live RTP slot is a method for calculating the actual payout rate for slot games as opposed to their theoretical RTP. It does this by taking into account bets and winnings combined with each game’s house edge to come up with an in-play calculation which isn’t just guesswork; rather it reflects its actual performance over time.

Live rtp slots are an integral component of the overall player experience for slot players, providing assurances that casinos are operating transparently and offering fair odds for their games. Updated regularly, live rtp slots can be found either on game help pages or rules pages of each game.

What You Need to Know About SGp Prize

Sgp Prize lottery game can be found in over 70 countries around the world and is known for its large jackpots and low odds of winning. Before playing, however, it is crucial to familiarize yourself with its rules and regulations in order to avoid any issues down the road and play responsibly.

SGp Prize Lotterie is one of the world’s premier lotteries and provides its players with numerous options. Its user-friendly website enables ticket purchases online – making this an excellent solution for those unable to travel due to time or finances constraints, or who simply prefer buying online since this means no waiting in line at a ticket booth!

If you’re thinking of trying your luck at SGP Prize lottery, it is essential that you familiarize yourself with its rules and regulations prior to beginning. Doing this will help prevent any issues in the future and errors which could have serious repercussions. In addition, keep track of any jackpots or promotions offered by this lotteries and select an authorized website as your destination for participation.

Same game parlays can be an excellent way to generate substantial profits, yet they can be risky. They require the same skill and can lose all if one team doesn’t win; if that is okay with you then same game parlays may be ideal; otherwise they are best avoided.

The SGP Prize in Singapore is an esteemed literary award that honours Singaporean authors. This prize offers emerging writers an invaluable boost, awarding them with cash prize and publication opportunity – as well as helping promote their book to a wider audience.

SGP Prize Resmi is an official site offering data regarding Singapore Grand Prix and Singapore Toto Lotterie. Updated regularly, you can be certain of its accuracy. Plus, using it’s completely free – plus there’s even an optional newsletter subscription so you don’t miss any updates! As an added benefit, resmi offers an in-depth database with past results which can assist in forecasting upcoming matches. However, it’s essential to keep in mind that the accuracy of this data may depend on various factors – including weather and pitch conditions – so before placing bets it’s wise to first check weather and pitch conditions to increase your odds of winning.

How Accurate Are HK Pools Predictions?

HK Pools is one of Hong Kong’s most beloved betting games, boasting a dedicated following among fans. Although based on random outcomes and can be difficult to predict accurately, there are ways you can improve your odds of victory. Here are a few things you can do to increase your odds:

First step to betting online is selecting an excellent website – make sure it is secure, has customer support team that can answer questions quickly, read terms and conditions carefully before playing your first game and hopefully winning some money!

No exceptions apply; most hk pool websites are legal. But you should remain wary of those that aren’t; such sites could be scams trying to obtain your information for fraudulent gain, or may simply not give the results that are desired by users. Therefore, it is wise to only choose trustworthy hk pools sites such as live draw hk as your go-to option.

Hongkong pools not only offer an expansive selection of games, but they also provide players with various bonuses and rewards. You may earn bonus Asia Miles when playing certain games – these miles can then be redeemed for flight tickets and hotel stays! Furthermore, Hk pools allow users to interact with one another and share experiences.

There are numerous factors that influence the accuracy of HK Pools predictions, such as past results and statistical models. Furthermore, data quality plays a vital role in accuracy prediction as discrepancies can undermine it. Furthermore, human error can have an adverse impact on accuracy prediction through mistakes like misinterpretations of data or typos; all contributing to inaccurate predictions.

Hong Kong pools offer something to please every member of the family – be it an adrenaline rush or simply relaxation by the water. From sparkling infinity pools with breathtaking Victoria Harbour views to fun water zones for children, they’re the ideal places to cool off this summer in Hong Kong.

How to Play a Slot Pulsa

Slot pulsa is an online casino game that provides players with the chance to win real money in return. These popular casino games often result in large payouts or jackpot prizes; but before starting to play it’s essential that you understand its rules and play responsibly as well as keep track of your wins and losses.

There are various ways to play slot pulsa. Some sites provide free versions, while others require deposits before playing can begin. Finding a reliable site with great odds and security can maximize winnings and is essential.

One of the key takeaways from playing slot pulsa is ensuring you only ever gamble more than you can afford to lose. Unfortunately, this is a mistake many make, leading to disastrous outcomes. There are various strategies you can employ to avoid this trap including selecting only reliable casinos and keeping an accurate record of both your wins and losses.

Slot pulsa’s other benefit lies in its global accessibility – perfect for travelers without access to physical casinos! Additionally, players can access games from any device including mobile phones and computers.

Slot Pulsa is an ideal starting point for newcomers to gambling. This website offers various forms of games – video poker and roulette among them – in an intuitive user experience with safe deposits and withdrawals as well as bonuses and rewards specifically for its customers.

Experienced casino goers might also try their luck at online blackjack, one of the most beloved casino games. This addictive and highly profitable game offers high chances of victory with each spin of the reels. To avoid significant financial losses it is recommended that only small amounts are bet upon; keep track of wins and losses to prevent major financial misfortunes.

When choosing an online slot pulsa website to play on, be sure it features a strong SSL encryption protocol and is overseen by a reputable gaming authority – this way you’re assured that both your money and yourself won’t experience any difficulties later on.

Checking whether the casino is licensed and authorized to operate legally in your country is crucial in protecting yourself from scams and other forms of fraudulent activities. Also important are security measures on the website as well as customer support options; always read terms and conditions carefully prior to depositing money, read customer reviews for feedback from other players, as well as make sure they accept payment methods that suit you best.

The Basics of Domino

Domino is a two or more player game in which dominoes are placed on a table and players attempt to match them up with others that have already been laid. The resulting line of dominoes, known as the line of play, may or may not contain one or more values (called pip) assigned to its sides; when playing multiple domino games with different rules each domino may receive its own set of pip values which is then totalled on both ends and given as its rank/weight value; more pip value means greater weight for its value overall ranking!

A domino can feature either single, double or blank sides. Blank tiles cannot be matched up with any other tile; hence the term ‘wild tile.’ A player who encounters blanks may ascribe a value as desired – from insignificant to points or pieces in some games.

Pips on the sides of a domino designate its rank or weight, which are used in various domino games to match pieces together. While some such as Piquet require all exposed pips be visible before creating a match; other games, like Solitare or Trick-taking games only need two matching pips to make an exchange possible.

At many games, each player draws tiles for his or her hand from a stock according to the rules of that particular game. If there is no clear winner after repeated draws, players who pulled a heavier tile make their first play; otherwise ties continue until one person emerges as victor. Some domino games also allow one person to play at a time; these winners typically possessing remaining dominoes with fewer pip points remaining on them are declared the victor.

Dominoes can be arranged into different designs using dominoes, including straight and curved lines, grids that form pictures when they fall, towers and pyramids; some people even use them for intricate artwork creation! When strategically designed and placed correctly, it can be hard to move them without knocking over the design – this phenomenon is known as domino effect.

The domino effect refers to any situation in which one small trigger can initiate a sequence of events that continue for some period of time, often as a result of improper medical care. An example would be when someone enters hospital with minor infection but leaves with more severe illness due to improper medical attention – this phenomenon is called domino effect and it spreads infection to other patients who weren’t receiving proper treatments; similarly it’s used scientifically when discussing how bacteria spread among a group; its application in social phenomena like political movements can also use domino effects!

Live Draw SDY

Live draw sdy is a popular service that allows users to watch lottery results as they’re drawn live, which is both exciting and helps people make better betting decisions. When choosing such sites, make sure they provide secure connections that are licensed in your country so you know you won’t get scammed!

Live draws are a central component of Togel SDY. Broadcasted live and accessible online, they allow players to follow results as they unfold in real-time. Attended by crowds hoping to strike it lucky and make big winnings. There are various websites offering live data SDY Togel that can assist newcomers.

Live SDY Togel Sdy is an exciting and unpredictable event that could yield a substantial jackpot prize, providing the ideal solution for those who love Togel but lack time or resources to visit a betting shop or casino in person. Furthermore, this Togel sdy can be accessed anytime anywhere around the globe – giving you an opportunity to participate regardless of where you may be travelling or working!

SDY Togel has become a favorite game among millions of people around the globe. This lottery-inspired prediction game allows groups or families to predict winning lottery numbers together for fun and profit; many people have even used their earnings from playing this way to purchase homes for themselves or pay for education costs for their children. Before beginning to play this game however, it’s essential that all involved understand its rules beforehand.

SDY Togel (pronounced Togel Sdy) is an exciting form of gambling that involves guessing the numbers selected at random from a Togel Sdy. These random selections are meant to ensure fairness and transparency and typically draw large audiences – making the experience exciting! No matter if playing SDY Togel online or in-person, it’s always vitally important that players understand its rules to avoid getting scammed!

Full Sdy Pools Results Today’s Sydney Pools result is our recommendation of an accurate, timely, and complete hash table for togelers to follow. By using an Angka Sydney table format to display today’s results of Sydney sydney pools draw, players will see hashes instantly.

The Basics of a Live Casino

Live casinos provide players with an engaging gambling experience without leaving the comfort of their own homes. Not only is the environment safe and secure with professional dealers running games, but some important things should be kept in mind prior to participating. One thing that stands out is choosing reliable software; there are multiple companies specializing in developing live casino software so it is wise to familiarize yourself with this area as well as its rules and regulations in your state.

Live casino experience is a new form of online gambling that lets you interact with dealers in real-time from land-based casinos or remote locations, via streaming tables streamed live. Dealers will have monitors displaying bets placed and players, and can read your messages as you type them; two-way communication between dealer and players allows you to experience all the same thrills of gambling found at real casinos while making new friends who share your passion for gambling!

Live casino games that have become immensely popular include poker, blackjack and roulette. These popular casino titles often involve multiple players competing against one another to see who has the strongest hand; similar to traditional casino gaming but offering even greater realism and immersion; dealers are typically experienced professionals, creating an authentic experience.

Game developers who aim to recreate an authentic casino environment must utilize high-quality cameras and lighting. Furthermore, they require a studio for dealers to work from as well as a control room that processes information for each game; additionally, there may be servers involved that record live stream streams directly onto player screens while offering various settings and betting rounds for games.

Of those interested in gambling but uncertain if it’s legal for them to engage in, many are uncertain whether gambling is permissible in their state and/or region. To better understand regulations in their area and to gamble responsibly with money they can afford to lose – otherwise legal issues could ensue. There are various online gambling sites offering live dealer casino games; make sure you find one suitable to you before spending any real money! In terms of gameplay experience, various live dealer casino games exist – be sure to select an excellent Wi-Fi connection in order to enjoy them fully before spending any real money!

How to Beat the House Edge in Blackjack

Blackjack is a casino classic and involves playing against a dealer to beat their house edge with luck, skill, and knowledge. Although there are various variations of this classic card game, its basic rules remain unchanged: each player receives two cards from the dealer while they are given only one themselves; players win when their hand value exceeds that of either their hand value or they reach 21 without busting (which they must do without going bust themselves!). Furthermore, side bets such as insurance or surrender may be made; but only gamble with money you are willing to lose as this will prevent costly errors that would eat into bankrolls!

Before diving in to playing blackjack, take time to familiarise yourself with its rules by reading a good book or article on it and read up on its various strategies – this will increase your odds of winning! Try practicing various approaches until finding one you find suitable; unfortunately there are no quick or easy solutions when it comes to beating casinos; but with proper strategy can minimise their advantage and help increase chances of victory!

The basic strategy was first created by four US Army engineers in the 1950s. Based on simple adding machines and later refined with computers, this strategy can reduce dealer advantage to under 1% when implemented properly. When playing blackjack, keeping a clear head is essential – don’t play after eating or under the influence of alcohol and always make decisions using clear thinking when possible; also avoid multitasking during games as this may take away your focus and lead to poor decisions.

Finding the appropriate table is paramount to your success in blackjack. A variety of factors can contribute to its heatiness, such as number of players, betting patterns and dealer quality; an experienced blackjack player should be able to recognize which tables are hot or cold and act accordingly when losing. When in doubt it is always wise to leave and walk away when losing.

Blackjack is an exciting and engaging mathematical game that demands careful strategic consideration and preparation. Knowing how to play is only half the battle: making your move at just the right moment requires timing and finesse. Procrastinating on making decisions could prove fatal to your winning streak and betting more than your bankroll is inadvisable. To maximize profits in blackjack, one key strategy involves knowing when it is appropriate to leave and return to the table. Setting and sticking to a budget before and during any game of roulette can help prevent overspending beyond your means while giving you confidence to stick with your strategy even during losing streaks.

Improve Your Poker Skills

Poker is a card game played between two or more players that involves betting, in which people may raise, call, fold or otherwise alter their hands during each round of betting. Usually viewed as a game of chance rather than skill, good poker players require an in-depth knowledge of probability and game theory to make better decisions during hand play and effectively bluff more effectively. Furthermore, it requires being able to read other players well; be it facial expressions, body language cues or betting behavior patterns of opponents – these may all help when reading other players when reading them properly!

Before each hand begins, players must place an ante or blind bet into the pot. After placing their bet, a dealer then shuffles and deals cards out starting with their left player – either face up or down depending on which variant of poker being played.

When it is your turn to act, you have several options for how to play: “call” matches the last bet or raise; raise means adding more money; fold means ending play on this hand immediately; and call should match any previous bet or raise.

If you have a weak hand, observe how much your opponent is betting. If they seem more inclined than usual to raise their bets than fold, that could indicate stronger hands being played than expected. You could try raising yours as an attempt at bluffing; just remember it may not always pay off!

Another strategy is focusing on playing in position. By doing this, you can gain more information about your opponents and manage the size of the pot – giving you more control over which hands win and when. When you have a strong hand bet it. Your opponents may put more money in to call your bets with lower hands.

To improve your poker skills, it is necessary to practice and watch experienced players. By watching others react in various situations and mimicking them in your games, you can gain invaluable knowledge. As more time is spent playing and watching other people play poker, your skills will continue to progress faster and become better; just remember to take breaks when necessary to avoid becoming frustrated if you lose; this will keep a positive outlook and avoid spoiling the fun for others!

The Sydney Essay Prize

A sidney prize is an award that recognizes those who have made an impactful contribution to humanity, including scientists and writers who have worked tirelessly to improve people’s lives. There are various prizes awarded based on national criteria; giving someone recognition is also an effective way of encouraging others to follow suit!

The Sidney Prize is a monthly journalism award administered by the Sidney Hillman Foundation that recognizes exceptional investigative reporting in service to society. Nominations for this prize can come from anyone and must appear within one month prior to being announced as winner on the second Wednesday each month; its recipient receives both an honorarium of $500 as well as a certificate designed by New Yorker cartoonist Edward Sorel.

Anyone interested in applying for a Sydney prize can learn about its requirements by visiting its official website. There are a few criteria you must fulfill in order to become eligible, so it’s wise to conduct thorough research prior to making an application. It also makes sense to make sure there’s one in their locality as this will increase chances of success!

There are numerous Sidney prizes that can be awarded annually and they are typically selected on a national basis. Some prizes are designed specifically for students while others recognize those who have made contributions to society or student life. One popular award among undergraduate students is the Sydney Essay Prize which seeks to recognize excellence in writing.

This prize was established to commemorate Sidney Cox, professor of English at Dartmouth. This informal ceremony recalls weekly gatherings in his home where students would gather to talk, coffee and nibble brownies – an ideal way to acknowledge those who excelled academically while striving to make an impactful contribution to society at large.

The Sydney Essay Prize is one of the most coveted undergraduate awards available today, as it rewards those who have written outstanding essays that have made a real impactful statement about Sydney culture or history. However, to qualify for this award you must fulfill various requirements such as 10-30 pages double-spaced essays about an aspect of Sydney culture or history; additional restrictions make application for this prize more challenging – nevertheless it remains worthwhile considering as it rewards students’ hard work while encouraging more of what they excel at doing!